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Table 1 Race/ethnicity- and nativity-specific HBsAg prevalence data from literature review

From: Racial/ethnic- and county-specific prevalence of chronic hepatitis B and its burden in California

Race/Ethnicity Ages 0–19 Prevalence (range) Reference Ages > 19 Prevalence (range) Reference
White 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 0.10% (0.05–0.20) Roberts et al. [11]
Hispanic 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 20–29 0.16% (0.05–0.47) Jung et al. [18]
   30–39 0.14% (0.04–0.42)  
   40–49 0.49% (0.24–1.00)  
   50–59 0.39% (0.21–0.72)  
   60–69 0.38% (0.10–1.37)  
   70 + a 0.38% (0.10–1.37)  
Black US-Born 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 0.10% (0.05–0.20) Roberts et al. [11]
Black Foreign-Born
 Africa 7.30% (6.50–8.00) Ugwu et al. [20] 20–29 10.45% (9.50–11.30) Ugwu et al. [20]
   30–39 11.20% (9.70–12.70)  
   40–49 6.99% (5.60–8.30)  
   50–59 10.86% (9.70–12.00)  
   60+  10.86% (9.70–12.00)  
 Jamaica and Dominican Rep. 0.30% (0.10–0.80) Roberts et al. [11] 2.10% (0.70–4.00) Din et al. [19]
 Haiti 2.50% (2.10–3.00) Tohme et al. [21] 2.50% (2.10–3.00) Tohme et al. [21]
 South & Central America 0.30% (0.10–0.80) Roberts et al. [11] 0.60% (0.2–2.00) Din et al. [19]
API US Born
 East Asia 0.30% (0.10–0.80) Roberts et al. [11] 1.40% (0.65–1.90) Din et al. [19]
 Korea 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 1.40% (0.65–1.90) Din et al. [19]
 Japan 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 0.10% (0.05–0.20) Roberts et al. [11]
 South Asia 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 1.40% (0.65–1.90) Din et al. [19]
API Foreign Born
 East Asia 1.10% (0.90–1.90) Shuler et al. [23] 20–29 5.40% (3.10–8.50) Lin et al. [2]
   30–39 11.50% (8.30–15.20)  
   40–49 12.20% (9.70–15.00)  
   50–59 8.80% (7.00–10.80)  
   60–69 8.00% (5.90–10.60)  
   70–79 6.70% (4.00–10.40)  
   80+  3.70% (1.00–9.30)  
 Korea 0.30% (0.10–0.80) Roberts et al. [11] 20–29 1.18% (0.43–2.55) Hyun et al. [22]
   30–39 2.53% (1.61–3.77)  
   40–49 2.76% (2.00–3.70)  
   50–59 2.90% (2.23–3.69)  
   60–69 2.06% (1.37–2.96)  
   70–79 1.37% (0.59–2.68)  
   80+  2.17% (1.17–2.77)  
 Japan 0.03% (0.01–0.08) Roberts et al. [11] 1.02%b (1.01–1.02) Tanaka et al. [24]
 South Asia 0.30% (0.10–0.80) Roberts et al. [11] 2.70% (1.60–4.00) Din et al. [19]
  1. Definitions of race and ethnicity according to the US Census Bureau: White- A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa. Black or African American- A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa. Asian- A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, South East Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand and Vietnam. Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander- A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands. Hispanic origin can be viewed as the heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors before arriving in the US
  2. The foreign born population includes anyone who is not a U.S citizen at birth, including those who became U.S citizens through naturalization
  3. API Asian Pacific Islander, US United States, HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
  4. aWe adapted from Jung et al. and assumed a 0.38% for 70+
  5. bWe took a weighted average of Tanaka et al.’s HBV screening cohort ages 40–74 which we calculated to be 1.02%