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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of PWID in Amritsar and Imphal districts, India

From: Predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with utilization of HCV testing services among PWID in two settings in India

Characteristics Amritsar Imphal Total
(N = 507) (N = 734) (N = 1241)
N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age (years)
 15–19 15 (3.0) 11 (1.5) 26 (2.1)
 20–29 303 (59.8) 127 (17.3) 430 (34.6)
  ≥ 30 189 (37.3) 596 (81.2) 785 (63.3)
Education
 No formal education 65 (12.8) 50 (6.8) 115 (9.3)
 Primary (up to 5 years of schooling) 174 (34.3) 99 (13.5) 273 (22.0)
 Secondary (up to 10 years of schooling) 249 (49.1) 445 (60.6) 694 (55.9)
 Higher (up to 12 years of schooling or beyond) 19 (3.7) 140(19.1) 159 (12.8)
Marital status
 Currently married 232 (45.8) 404 (55.0) 636 (51.2)
 Widowed, divorced or separated 19 (3.7) 61(8.3) 80 (6.4)
 Never married 256 (50.5) 269 (36.6) 525 (42.3)
Employment status
 Employed (including part-time employment and self-employment) 393 (77.5) 625 (85.1) 1018 (82.0)
 Not employed 114 (22.5) 109 (14.9) 223 (18.0)
Monthly income (Indian Rupees)
  ≤ 3000 122 (24.1) 353 (48.1) 475 (38.3)
 3001–6000 270 (53.3) 250 (34.1) 520 (41.9)
 6001–10,000 75 (14.8) 55 (7.5) 130 (10.5)
  > 10,001 40 (7.9) 76 (10.4) 116 (9.3)
Below-poverty-level (BPL) statusa
 Not below poverty level 383 (75.5) 438 (59.7) 821 (66.2)
 Below poverty level 124 (24.5) 296 (40.3) 420 (33.8)
Age at sexual debut (years)    
 Mean ± SD 18.0 ± 2.8 23.7 ± 5.7 21.2 ± 5.5
 Median (range) 18.0 (10–31) 24.0 (10–48) 20.0 (10–48)
Duration of injecting drug use (years)    
  ≤ 1 130 (25.6) 42 (5.7) 172 (13.9)
 2–5 292 (57.6) 137 (18.7) 429 (34.6)
 6–10 49 (9.7) 190 (25.9) 239 (19.3)
  ≥ 11 36 (7.1) 365 (49.7) 401 (32.3)
 Mean ± SD ±4.4 13.3 ± 11.0 9.5 ± 8.5
 Median (range) 3.0 (1–35) 8.6 (1–35) 7 (1–35)
  1. aBPL status was determined in accordance with the definition used by the Indian government (Planning Commission, Government of India: Report of the expert group to review the methodology for measurement of poverty; June 2014; http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/pov_rep0707.pdf)